The Autobiography of Malcolm X was published in 1965, the result of a collaboration between human rights activist Malcolm X and journalist Alex Haley. It introduces us to the great legacy of a cultural Icon: Malcolm X. The Autobiography is a spiritual conversion narrative that outlines the life journey and powerful transformation of Malcolm Little to Malcolm X. Through a life of struggle, Malcolm X became one of the most influential figures of the 20th Century. In 1998, Time named The Autobiography of Malcolm X as one of ten "required reading" nonfiction book. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand being Black in America.